Month: July 2015
Shri Sandeep Mittal, IPS delivering lecture during the conference on “Drug Menace in India-Overview, Challenges and Solutions” Manali on 11-13 June 2015. The session was presided by Hon’ble Mr. Justice Dipak Misra, Hon’ble Judge of Supreme Court of India
TUTICORIN , JUNE 11. The Tuticorin (Rural) police have organised a camp in the ‘communally sensitive ‘ Vallanadu area on Sunday with a view to reinforcing faith and confidence in the common man with regard to the system of criminal justice administration through ‘ on the redressal of grievances.’
The Joint Superintendent of Police (JSP) Mr. Sandeep Mittal , said the response to the move was over- whelming as over 3000 people , most of whom villagers from Agaram, Kaliyavur , Manakarai, Pakkapatti, Vallanadu and Morappanad , participated in the camp and interacted with the police personal freely without fear or inhibition. The SHO , SI and all the police station staff were present there.
A significant feature of the camp was that not only people belonging to different social strata and various communities took part in it but there was absolute harmony and cohesion among the participants , he said ,adding that a large number of women also aired their grievances .Several villagers submitted petitions to the JSP seeking police intervention to solve some local issues and disputes . Even while presenting petitions against ‘erring ‘ policemen , the villagers had not failed to appreciate the role played by the efficient and sincere police personal in their areas.
While on-the-spot decisions were taken vis-a-vis criminal cases and instructions had been given to book cases under appropriate sections of the IPC and other relevant laws, the police had decided to forward other petitions connected to civil problems pertaining to water supply , land disputes etc. , to the district administration , Mr. Mittal said.
Soon after the interaction with the people, propaganda cassettes recently issued by the Superintendent of Police, Mr. Rajesh Das, to create awareness among the people on how to act during emergencies with particular reference to handling of suspicious objects, were played at the camp, he said. A kabaddi match between the police and public was also organised as part of the camp. Youths from Manakarai, Agaram and Vallanadu participated in the match with tremendous enthusiasm.
Mr. Mittal expressed the view that if genuine grievance of the people in the rural areas were not redressed properly, they might try to settle the scores themselves. ‘This kind of camps are useful in strengthening the grievances redressal machinery at the police station level. ”
The Tuticorin (Rural) police had plans to organise such camps every month. ‘We have made a humble but good beginning now; yet there is a long way to go “, he opined.
Express News Service TUTICOR IN , July 13: An on-the-spot grievance redressal camp with the motto ” TamilNadu police is with the villagers and for the villagers was organised at Madathur under Thattaparai police limits on Sunday.
Addressing the participants Joint Superintendent of Police (Rural) Sandeep Mittal said villagers Were generally hesitant to meet police officials out of fear. This gap between police and villagers has led to a lot of mediators trying to make a fast buck out of raising and sorting out issues faced by the villagers fail to understand that need not have any mediators to raise their issues before officials . When information come through mediators, information gets filtered , he added .
He said the main objective of the camp was to establish a link between public and police . Once that was achieved most of the problems could be solved as people would repose faith in police even they would not turn against police even during law and order problems . During these camps all police personal would be available on the spot .
Several grievances were redressed on the spot and grievances concerning other departments were forwarded to the respective departments for further action .
As a goodwill measure a kabbadi match and a musical chair were organised for the police and villagers.
By Our Staff Reporter TUTICORIN ,July 14.
There was over – whelming response to the “on-the-spot grievances redressal camp “organised by the Tuticorin(rural)police at Madathur village on Sunday .
The Joint Superintendent of Police ((JSP) Mr. Sandeep Mittal said here on Wednesday that the grievances camps held in the sub-divisioin every month as per the active guidance of the Superintendent of Police ,Mr. Rajesh Das had enabled the police to have direct interaction with the people in the rural areas .
The villagers of Madathur highlighted a vital problem relating to the alleged pollution caused by a private chemical unit in the locality. According to them ,the industries had recently started discharging some waste material into the village land and the ‘adjoining water sources, affecting the corp and bovine stock, besides causing a ‘foul smell “.
They wanted immediate action to prevent the industry from dumping the harmful waste ‘ in their village . Mr. Mittal had assured the villagers that a competent expert would he asked to submit a report after conducting a study on the waste material discharge. The matter would then be referred to the District collector for follow up measures by the Pollution Control Board.
The students of the village submitted a memorandum to increase the frequency of the STC bus service from and to the village to enable them to go to school without much difficulty .
Responding to the plea of some villagers that the water taps installed by them directly from the main supply line should not be disturbed by the ,the JSP said the issue would be discussed with the Board authorities.
The police had also registered cases relating to cheating and assault. The JSP had told some other petitioners that the issue raised by them would be forwarded to the District Administration and the departments concerned for necessary action . Some of the petitioners were advised to seek legal remedy through courts on matters of civil nature.
National consultation meeting on decriminalization & strengthening treatment mechanisms for women and children drug Users
National consultation meeting on decriminalization & strengthening treatment mechanisms for women and children drug Users
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, New Delhi
15th July 2015
Sandeep Mittal, IPS
After passing out of the Police Academy, I was posted as Assistant Superintendent of Police Incharge of a subdivision. I have the privilege of serving in the communally sensitive areas of Tamilnadu like Maniyachi, Sivakasi and Tuticorin mainly in rural areas which were training grounds for me to learn the basic field policing. Immediately after I joined the Maniyachi Subdivision, the Tuticorin District witnessed communal tension due to caste conflicts. While deployed on Law and order duty, I tried to find out the reasons for the communal clashes and the “police response” to it. Here it would be suffice to say that the origin of caste clashes is deep rooted and there is little that police can do under the present circumstances mainly due to attitude of police towards public and vice-versa. It was almost impossible for the police to obtain the timely intelligence on communal elements mainly because the local officers had not developed good rapport with the public. Another realisation was that due to continuous deployment of men on Law and order duties, their training is neglected. There-fore, the main challenge before the Police-Leadership is training and development of subordinates so as to improve the system of policing and widen the police base among the public and winning their support.
THE POLICE LEADERSHIP
The Communication and Motivation are the essentials to effective police management. The process through which they are implemented in practice is leadership. The Leadership can be defined in many ways and a useful approach to define it is to consider the activities of a leader. These activities include communicating, motivating, inspiring, coordinating, directing, commanding, influencing others, setting goals and making decisions. Each leader develops a leadership style and has his own personal leadership characteristics and carries leadership activities in his own way. We may consider the “Police Leadership” to comprise of two components viz., the internal leadership, governing his leadership behaviour with his subordinates in police force and the external leadership which means his leadership role in the community. It is combined play of these two components which would decide the training and development activities for the subordinates in police force.
INTERNAL POLICE LEADERSHIP
Optimum motivation for employees can be achieved if individual goals and organisational goals can be integrated. These two goals can be used to develop an internal leadership system for police and can be correlated with the managerial styles of Blake and Jane Mouton. Using the factors (a) concern for people and (b) concern for performance, the Blake and Mouton designated a high concern as 9, a moderate concern as 5 and a low concern as 1 .They identify the five leadership styles as shown in figure 1.
- The 9/9 Style reflects leadership values and actions that lead to an integration of task and human requirements in realizing goals. this style implies high concern for people and performance.
- The 5/5 Style reflects moderate concern for performance and people.
- The 9/1 Style reflects high concern for performance and low concern for people. In this style the leader faces difficulty in gaining the confidence and faith of subordinates.
- The 1/4 Style reflects low concern for performance and high concern for people. By use of this style the leader may avoid conflict but performance levels are minimised.
- 1 /1 Style reflects low concern for performance and people. Thus from figure it is clear that 9/9 is the most desirable style in which the leader shows a high concern for both people and performance but it is important to mention that the style would change with a change in leadership activity.
(After Blake & Mouton, 1964)
THE EXTERNAL POLICE LEADERSHIP
“A Police leader is a public servant who is the keeper of public trust. How should a police leader carry out this most responsible role?”
The general tendency among the police officers is to react to police related problems in community as and when the problem arise. This is not the effective leadership. The Police leader must play a proactive role forcefully and decisively in taking the leadership role in the community to develop support and resource, and offer alternative solutions to police related problems.
The Police leader’s main objective is to develop human and material resources both within and outside the organisation. The Police leader at the district level has to work under the frame work of the guidelines laid down by the Chief of the Police Force and Government. Given the constraints, the proactive police leader by using the factors of motivation and communication must be able to bring drastic change in the functioning of police system at the district level. But he must have a basic awareness of the problems and prepare strategies which provide better results.
COMMUNICATION -TOOL FOR TRAINING DEVELOPMENT
The police leader either communicate within the department or with people outside the department. For the effective training and development of subordinates the process of internal and external communication has to be obstacle free. In the following lines we’ld utilise the concept of “Johari Window” to develop a communication style for a proactive police leader.
The Johari Window concept was successfully used in the “Tuticorin Experiment” to eliminate all sort of communication barriers within as well as outside the police department.
CONCEPT OF JOHARI WINDOW
Thus a style of communication in which communication is open and frank is best suited for a proactive police leader. Over a period of time a level of trust and creativity will be developed in police department.
Thus keeping the needs of public, ability of subordinates the aforesaid concepts were practically applied by the author in Tuticorin for training and development of subordinates in an indirect but effective manner. A summary is presented in the following lines.
THE TUTICORIN EXPERIMENT
|” It’s a lesson for the young IPS officers to implement”
Shri Gautam Kaul, IPS Director –
- Healthy Mind in a Healthy Body : Compulsory Yoga was introduced for all police officers and men on weekly parade days. The important asanas practiced were Bhujangasana, Bhalbhansana, Sarvangasana, Mayurasana, Dhanurasana and Shavasana which are useful in relieving stress from the body. Free medical checkup camps were organised to provide medical relief to policemen.
- Crime Scene Simulation Exercises : To refresh and upgrade the skills of officers and men a number of exercises were conducted on a variety of themes such as burglary, rape, dacoity, murder, murder for gain, hanging etc. The chain of steps involved on receipt of complaint at police station to the arrest of the accused were clearly illustrated through lecture cum demonstration by a team of experienced officers.
- Lecture cum Demonstration on Anti-Insurgency Operation – The Psychological Policing: A number of anti-insurgency exercises were conducted in areas adjoining to communally sensitive villages. In addition to training of subordinates, the most important advantage of such field exercises is that even these are mock exercises, a tough and active image of visible policing is created in the minds of public. This would also have a deterrent effect during communal problems.
- “Police/ Public Relations Seminar” : Interaction between police and public was organised through seminars. A frank and open discussion between police and public led to creation of an atmosphere of mutual trust and co-operation. This exercise also provided an opportunity for policemen to realise their shortcomings thus giving a scope for improvement.
- On-the-Spot-Redressal of public Grievances:
|“The people to whom we serve are our masters and if we are able to get their good will and gratefulness, it will go a long way in maintaining peace and tranquility.”
– A Subraminian, IPS Deputy Inspector General of Police Dindigul, Tamil Nadu
A number of Police camps were organised in communally sensitive villages, the main features of these camps being:
(a) Wide publicity is given regarding date, time and place of camps through Tom-Tom and distribution of pamphlets.
(b) No body is allowed to act as a mediator between police and public.
(c) The.Police officers would sit on the ground with the villagers. This has tremendous effect on villagers as they start identifying you with them thus breaking the strongest barrier in communication.
(d) Most of the petty matters which have the potential
of creating Law and Order problem or even grave crime are settled on the spot to the satisfaction of both parties.
(e) The grievances pertaining to district administration are forwarded to district administration while petitioners are advised to go to a court of Law on matters of civil nature.
(f) As a gesture of good will, we organised Kabaddi match between local police and public. We used it as a means for cultivating good sources to collect intelligence in due course of time. Moreover a boy who has played Kabaddi with policemen may not throw a stone on the police during a problem. Surprisingly in one village the women-folk staged a protest that why some game has not been organized for them. Finally we organised a tug of war for women with 30 women on each side. This shows the level of faith which public started posing in police.
(g) During the camp the villagers used to present shawls and garlands to me. Strategically, I would redistribute it to the villagers as rewards to best player or some needy person. This has a long term effect on their minds.
These exercises, though seems to be simple, have brought a positive change in the mind set of subordinate police officers and men. Thus, this experiment was not only useful in reinforcing the faith of common men in the system of Criminal Justice Administration but also a humble beginning in training and development of subordinates in an indirect but effective manner has been made.
|“I would like to congratulate you and convey my commendations to you on this innovative experiment that you have started. One of the major challenges before the police today is trying to improve its image and reaching out to the people. It is only through these methods that you would be able to get timely intelligence and co-operation from the public to deal with communally sensitive situations.”
– Shri P. V. Rajgopal, IPS Director -S.V.P. National Police Academy Hyderabad
|“I am happy to know that the XXXII All India Police Science Congress held at Chandigarh on 27th November, 2000 had commended your ‘Tuticorin Experiment’ for its innovation and also recommended it to all other states to be adopted by them. This shows your commitment to the force. Hope you will continue your good work and add many more laurels to the force.”
– Dr. R. Rajagopalan, IPS Director General of Police, Tamil Nadu
THE NEW INDIAN EXPRESS MADURAI
FRIDAY JULY 9, 1999
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Sir, – This has reference to the report ‘Spot grievance redressal (June 23). Kudos to Thoothukudi Rural Police for organising spot grievance redressal camp at Thiraviapuram village of Thoothukudi district to instill faith and confidence on police in commoner’s mind.
By S. Durairaj TUTICORIN. March 4
Raja. the five-year old sniffer dog, is brought to the scene of crime – a cold blooded murder – shortly after the wailing relatives and a close friend of the deceased rush to the nearby police station to formally lodge a complaint. Having scented a piece of cloth left b% the accused. Raja commences his hunt. Running to some distance. the German Shepherd locates the hideout of the accused and approaches him with a menacing look. The lungi-clad accused has no other alternative than to meekly- surrender even as Raja holds his hand between the jaws.
Meanwhile, the police swing into action. The finger print experts and scientific assistants descend tin the scene. All possible clues including the change finger-prints, sunken foot prints etc. are collected even as the inquest is conducted by the enquiry officer in the presence of two witnesses.
The “scene of crime”: a makeshift structure at the Vallanadu police shooting range and training centre, a bum 40 km from the port town. The occasion: monthly mobilisation programme for police officers and men belonging to the Tuticorin (Rural) sub-division.
Any onlooker would have mistaken it for a real scene of crime, if he had not been informed in advance about the enactment of the ease only as a simulation exercise fur the investigation of the crime related to a murder for gain.
The chain of steps involved from receipt of complaint at the police station to arrest of the accused was clearly illustrated and explained through a lecture-cum-demonstration by team of police officers and men from the Tuticorin (Rural) sub-division.
In the end, all the 50 trainees raised questions which were satisfactorily answered by senior officers. Both the officers and men were excited as they attended this kind of simulation exercise for the first time in their service. Mr. Sandeep slittal. Assistant Superintendent of of Police (ASP) who supervised the programme, said.
Mr. Mittal said that the monthly mobilisation at sub-divisional level was an innovative scheme, the first of its kind in the State as a whole introduced by the Superintendent of Police. Mr. Rajesh Das. on the limp of the training given in the National Police Academy. All the seven police sub-divisions in the district- Tuticorin frown), Tuticorin (rural), Maniyachi. V; lathi Warn. Srivaikuntam. Kovilapatti and Tiruchendure- will mobilise the entire force in the respective sub-division every month and impart practical training to nearly 1800 men and officers,
Going by the dictum. ”seeing is believing”, the police personnel are given training on a wide range of subjects. For instance. the variety of subjects offered by the Tutictirin (rural) sub-division in its first monthly mobilisori,in included practice of important yogasanas such as Bhujangasana, Shalabhasana, Sarvangasana. Mayurasana. Dhanurasana and Shavasana, which were useful to the police. case study of law and order problems in the communally sensitive district. contingency plan to tackle law and order and communal problems and interaction with a team of medical personnel on stress management in police force.
Indoor classes on different topics were conducted b‘ the police officers including the SP and ASP Apart from the maintenance of station records, practical tips related to court work and procedures. escorting prisoners, human rights of the accused and investigation of crimes such as murder and dacoity were provided to the police personnel during the indoor training.
Close on the heels of the indoor and nutdoor training, all the 511 police personnel conducted a prohibition raid at a village on the Tuticorin-Tirunelveli border. ‘Teams were also formed to execute non-bailable warrants.